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Home > Display > Chinese Minority Nationalities' Art Gallery
Chinese Minority Nationalities' Art Gallery
Glorious Chinese civilization has been created by various nationalities. Due to dive- rsified social and ecological environments, different nationalities in China have produced their rich and colorful cultures. Being set off by a warm background, various handicrafts of different nationalities provide audience with a happy and harmonious atmosphere within an artistic garden of Chinese nationalities. More than 600 handicrafts are shown in this 700 square meters gallery, including costumes, textiles, embroideries, metal wares, sculpture, pottery, lacquer wares, cane and bamboo plaited vessels as well as wooden masks.

Craft of dress and adornment
Each nationality has its own costume and adornment. Even different ethnic groups within same nationality have their own distinctive styles and patterns. Costume and adornment become the symbol of different cultures. These costumes employ various raw materials such as fur, pelt, cotton,hemp and silk.Adornments are prepared by using various methods such as embroidery, cross-stitch word, applique, lace making and batik. Some garments are decorated with silver, jade, coral or agate.
Craft of dyeing, weaving and embroidery
Women of various ethnic groups are skilled in these techniques. There are two methods of printing and dyeing: monochrome paper matrix printing and color-processing block printing. For za ran (tie-dyeing),sewn and folded designs are immersed in dyestuff,and for la ran (batik), wax-coated designs are placed in vats with dyeing materials.Brocade of Zhuang,Dai,Tong and Tujia nationalities are well known. In addition, "Zhi Jin", i.e. interweaving of colored silk and cotton threads onto one piece, is famous as well. Plain stitch and cross-stitch are two common methods for embroidery. In addition, various other methods such as braiding, coiling, creasing and cocoon-like winding are utilized.
Craft of metalworking
Many nationalities are well known for their metalwork techniques. Artisan use hammered, chiseled, carved, perforated and twisted designs to process gold, silver, copper and brass. Some metal artifacts are plated with silver or gold. The metal wares of the Uygur nationality show their dense and elaborate designs with vivid features. Tibetan metal wares exhibit delicate and strong style, expressing esoteric nature of Buddhist images. Silverware of Dai nationality are elegant, exquisite and elaborately carved. Silverwares with unique and different patterns are widely used by many nationalities.
Carved artifacts
Almost all objects commonly used by ethnic people are decorated by carving.These carved artifacts are made of bamboo,wood,ivory,antler, horn and bone. These materials are available locally.According to different raw materials, various skills such as carving, chiseling, paring, grinding or pressing have been used. The most popular are bamboo and woodcarvings. Bone hairpins of Li nationality and carved horn artifacts of Miao and Dong nationalities are outstanding.
Pottery, lacquer wares, cane and bamboo plaited vessels
Pottery,lacquer ware,cane and bamboo plaited vessels are plain and simple handicrafts full of local flavor and style. Pottery made by clay-strip technique in Dai nationality exhibits ancient appearance. Colored lacquer wares with golden decoration made by Tibetan are magnificent. Lacquer wares of Yi nationality are simple in shape. Bamboo hats of Maonan and Yao nationalities are delicate and ingeniously made.
Art of mask- making
Various kinds of masks with exaggerated features and strong colors are used by most ethnic people during cultural and religious activities.The wooden masks used in Nu Xi (a masked dancing in Guizhou province) have three types called "deity", "demon" and "secular figures". Colored wooden masks of Di Xi dramas are often used for performance of historic stories. Painted masks of Tibetan are mainly represented by gods,ghosts and animal faces which are used in Tiao Shen (devil's dance") performed by lamas to exorcise evil spirits during ceremonial dancing.
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